Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type. It is characterised by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or difficulty controlling behaviour which is not appropriate for a person's age.
The symptoms appear before a person is twelve years old, are present for more than six months, and cause problems in at least two settings (such as school, home, or recreational activities).
In children, problems paying attention may result in poor school performance.
Although it causes impairment, particularly in modern society, many children with ADHD have a good attention span for tasks they find interesting.